An Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) is a formal document that is produced following an assessment of the electrical installation within a property.
An Electrical Installation Condition Report will:
How often should you have an EICR ?
The electrical safety council recommend electrical installations should be inspected and tested at least every:
The inspection takes into account all the relevant circumstances and checks on:
On completion of the inspection you will receive a report detailing the condition of the installation. If any dangerous (C1) or potentially dangerous (C2) conditions are found, the overall condition of the electrical installation will be declared to be 'unsatisfactory', meaning that remedial action is required without delay to remove the risks. Recommended improvements (C3) will also be noted on the report but will not constitute a failure of the installation. Once any necessary remedial work has been completed, an appropriate certificate should be issued to confirm that the remedial work has been carried out in accordance with BS 7671.
A visual condition report will include the results of the inspection of the electrical installation.
A visual condition report does not include testing, so the inspection is not likely to find hidden damage to equipment (for example, damage to cables and joints).
Usually, a visual inspection report is only suitable if the installation has been tested in the last couple of years, and the results were reported (on an electrical installation certificate or an electrical installation condition report) as being satisfactory (good enough).
The Landlords and Tenant Act (1985) requires landlords of properties with short leases to keep the electrical wiring in repair and in proper working order.
Landlords have a duty of care to their tenants and must ensure that the installation is safe when they enter the property and is maintained throughout their tenure.
The Landlords and Tenants Act (1985) requires that the electrical installation in a rented property is:
It is recommend that in order to comply with this Act, they get a registered electrician to carry out an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) on any property they intend to let before getting tenants in. This will certify whether the electrics are safe and highlight if anything needs upgrading.
In the case of a House in Multiple Occupation (HMO) there is a legal obligation to have an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) carried out on the property every five years.
If the property is not an HMO, then there is no legal obligation to get the installation tested on a periodic basis. However, it is recommend a full EICR is carried out every five years or on change of tenancy – whichever comes first.
This guidance is based on legal obligations set out in The Landlords and Tenant Act (1985).