Riverside Electrical & Property Services

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Electrical Installation Condition Reports (EICR)

An Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) is a formal document that is produced following an assessment of the electrical installation within a property.

An Electrical Installation Condition Report will:

  • Reveal if any of your electrical circuits or equipment are overloaded.
  • Find any potential electric shock risks and fire hazards.
  • Identify any defective electrical work.
  • Highlight any lack of earthing or bonding.

Tests are also carried out on wiring and fixed electrical equipment to check that they are safe. A schedule of circuits is also provided, which is invaluable for a property.

How often should you have an EICR ?

The electrical safety council recommend electrical installations should be inspected and tested at least every:

  • 10 years for an owner-occupied home.
  • 5 years for a rented home.
  • 3 years for a caravan
  • 1 year for a swimming pool.

Inspection and testing should be carried out only by electrically competent persons, such as registered electricians. They will check the condition of the electrics against  BS 7671 – Requirements for Electrical Installations (IEE Wiring Regulations).

The inspection takes into account all the relevant circumstances and checks on:

  • The adequacy of earthing and bonding.
  • The suitability of the switchgear and controlgear. For example, an old fusebox with a wooden back, cast-iron switches, or a mixture of both will need replacing.
  • The serviceability of switches, sockets and lighting fittings. Items that  may need replacing include: older round-pin sockets, round light switches, cables with fabric coating hanging from ceiling roses to light fittings, black switches and sockets mounted in skirting boards.
  • The type of wiring system and its condition. For example, cables coated in black rubber were phased out in the 1960s. Likewise cables coated in lead or fabric are even older and may well need replacing (modern cables use longer-lasting pvc insulation).
  • The provision of residual current devices (RCD) for circuits, particularly sockets that may be used to supply portable electrical equipment for use outdoors.
  • The presence of adequate identification and notices.
  • The extent of any wear and tear, damage or other deterioration.
  • Any changes in the use of the premises that have led to, or may lead to, unsafe conditions.

On completion of the inspection you will receive a report detailing the condition of the installation. If any dangerous (C1) or potentially dangerous (C2) conditions are found, the overall condition of the electrical installation will be declared to be 'unsatisfactory', meaning that remedial action is required without delay to remove the risks. Recommended improvements (C3) will also be noted on the report but will not constitute a failure of the installation. Once any necessary remedial work has been completed, an appropriate certificate should be issued to confirm that the remedial work has been carried out in accordance with BS 7671.

Visual Condition Report

A visual condition report will include the results of the inspection of the electrical installation.

A visual condition report does not include testing, so the inspection is not likely to find hidden damage to equipment (for example, damage to cables and joints).

Usually, a visual inspection report is only suitable if the installation has been tested in the last couple of years, and the results were reported (on an electrical installation certificate or an electrical installation condition report) as being satisfactory (good enough).

Electrical Installations in Rental Properties

The Landlords and Tenant Act (1985) requires landlords of properties with short leases to keep the electrical wiring in repair and in proper working order.

 Landlords have a duty of care to their tenants and must ensure that the installation is safe when they enter the property and is maintained throughout their tenure.

The Landlords and Tenants Act (1985) requires that the electrical installation in a rented property is:

  • safe when a tenancy begins and
  • maintained in a safe condition throughout the tenancy.

It is recommend that in order to comply with this Act, they get a registered electrician to carry out an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) on any property they intend to let before getting tenants in. This will certify whether the electrics are safe and highlight if anything needs upgrading.

In the case of a House in Multiple Occupation (HMO) there is a legal obligation to have an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) carried out on the property every five years.

  • If the property is not an HMO, then there is no legal obligation to get the installation tested on a periodic basis. However, it is recommend a full EICR is carried out every five years or on change of tenancy – whichever comes first.

    This guidance is based on legal obligations set out in The Landlords and Tenant Act (1985).